快捷导航 中考政策指南 2019热门中考资讯 中考成绩查询 历年中考分数线 中考志愿填报 各地2019中考大事记 中考真题及答案大全 历年中考作文大全 返回首页
Insert title here
您现在的位置:中考 > 初中英语 > 英语语法 > 正文

2018初中英语语法之句子成分详细讲解

来源:中考网整理    作者:中考网编辑    2017-09-10 08:54:09

说两句

  新一轮中考复习备考周期正式开始,中考网为各位初三考生整理了中考五大必考学科的知识点,主要是对初中三年各学科知识点的梳理和细化,帮助各位考生理清知识脉络,熟悉答题思路,希望各位考生可以在考试中取得优异成绩!下面是《2018初中英语语法之句子成分详细讲解》,仅供参考!

  英语句子成分解读一、主语(subject):
 
  句子说明的人或事物。
 
  The sun rises in the east.(名词)
 
  He likes dancing.(代词)
 
  Twenty years is a short time in history.(数词)
 
  Seeing is believing.(动名词)
 
  To see is to believe.(不定式)
 
  What he needs is a book.(主语从句)
 
  It is very clear that the elephant is round and tall like a tree.
 
  (It形式主语,主语从句是真正主语)
 
  英语句子成分解读二、谓语(predicate):
 
  说明主语的动作、状态和特征。
 
  We study English.
 
  He is asleep.
 
  英语句子成分解读三、表语(predicative):
 
  系动词之后的成分,表示主语的性质、状态和特征。
 
  He is a teacher.(名词)
 
  Seventy-four!You don’t look it.(代词)
 
  Five and five is ten.(数词)
 
  He is asleep.(形容词)
 
  His father is in.(副词)
 
  The picture is on the wall.(介词短语)
 
  My watch is gone/missing/lost.(形容词化的分词)
 
  To wear a flower is to say“I’m poor,I can’t buy a ring.”(不定式)
 
  The question is whether they will come.(表语从句)
 
  常见的系动词有:be,sound(听起来),look(看起来),feel(摸起来),smell(闻起来),
 
  taste(尝、吃起来),remain(保持,仍是),feel(感觉)….
 
  It sounds a good idea.
 
  The sound sounds strange.
 
  Her voice sounds sweet.
 
  Tom looks thin.
 
  http://www.oh100.com/a/201201/42986.htmlThe food smells delicious.
 
  The food tastes good.
 
  The door remains open.
 
  Now I feel tired.
 
  英语句子成分解读三、宾语:
 
  1)动作的承受者——动宾
 
  I like China.(名词)
 
  He hates you.(代词)
 
  How many do you need?We need two.(数词)
 
  We should help the old and the poor.
 
  I enjoy working with you.(动名词)
 
  I hope to see you again.(不定式)
 
  Did you write down what he said?(宾语从句)
 
  2)介词后的名词、代词和动名词——介宾
 
  Are you afraid of the snake?
 
  Under the snow,there are many rocks.
 
  3)双宾语——间宾(指人)和直宾(指物)
 
  He gave me a book yesterday.
 
  Give the poor man some money.
 
  英语句子成分解读四、宾补:
 
  对宾语的补充,全称为宾语补足语。
 
  We elected him monitor.(名词)
 
  We all think it a pity that she didn’t come here.(名)
 
  We will make them happy.(形容词)
 
  We found nobody in.(副词)
 
  Please make yourself at home.(介词短语)
 
  Don’t let him do that.(省to不定式)
 
  His father advised him to teach the lazy boy a lesson.(带to不定式)
 
  本文来源于百分网(http://www.oh100.com/),转载请保留此标记,谢谢!Don’t keep the lights burning.(现在分词)
 
  I’ll have my bike repaired.(过去分词)
 
  英语句子成分解读五、主补:
 
  对主语的补充。
 
  He was elected monitor.
 
  She was found singing in the next room.
 
  He was advised to teach the lazy boy a lesson.www.oh100.com
 
  英语句子成分解读六、定语:
 
  修饰或限制名词或代词的词、词组或句子。
 
  Ai Yanling is a chemistry teacher.(名词)
 
  He is our friend.(代词)
 
  We belong to the third world.(数词)
 
  He was advised to teach the lazy boy a lesson.(形容词)
 
  The man over there is my old friend.(副词)
 
  The woman with a baby in her arms is my sister.(介词)
 
  The boys playing football are in Cla2.(现在分词)
 
  The trees planted last year are growing well now.(过去分词)
 
  I have an idea to do it well.(不定式)
 
  You should do everything that I do.(定语从句)
 
  英语句子成分解读七、状语:
 
  用来修饰v.,adj.,adv.,or句子。表示时间、地点、原因、目的、结果、程度、条件、方式和让步。
 
  (以下例句按上述顺序排列)I will go there tomorrow.
 
  The meeting will be held in the meetingroom.
 
  The meat went bad because of the hot weather.
 
  He studies hard to learn English well.
 
  He didn’t study hard so that he failed in the exam.
 
  I like some of you very much.
 
  If you study hard,you will pathe exam.
 
  He goes to school by bike.
 
  Though he is young,he can do it well.

   欢迎使用手机、平板等移动设备访问中考网,2020中考一路陪伴同行!>>点击查看

相关文章

点击查看更多
  • 欢迎扫描二维码
    关注中考网微信
    ID:zhongkao_com

  • 欢迎扫描二维码
    关注高考网微信
    ID:www_gaokao_com

热点专题

  • 2020年中考查分时间及入口
  • 2020年中考专题策划
  • 2020中考分数线专题

[2020中考]2020年中考时间及科目安排

[2020中考]2020年中考报名时间及入口

中考报考

中考报名时间

中考查分时间

中考志愿填报

各省分数线

中考体育考试

中考中招考试

中考备考

中考答题技巧

中考考前心理

中考考前饮食

中考家长必读

中考提分策略

重点高中

北京重点中学

上海重点中学

广州重点中学

深圳重点中学

天津重点中学

成都重点中学

试题资料

中考压轴题

中考模拟题

各科练习题

单元测试题

初中期中试题

初中期末试题

中考大事记

北京中考大事记

天津中考大事记

重庆中考大事记

西安中考大事记

沈阳中考大事记

济南中考大事记

知识点

初中数学知识点

初中物理知识点

初中化学知识点

初中英语知识点

初中语文知识点

中考满分作文

初中资源

初中语文

初中数学

初中英语

初中物理

初中化学

中学百科

欢迎关注中考网微信! 收藏 建议 顶部