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期中备考:英语复习重点模块

来源:本站原创        2011-10-28 10:45:27

标签:期中 备考说两句

 

  根据往年规律,期中考试可以概括为:

  考试的目的:

  1.检测教学效果。查漏补缺。

  2.主要考查学生对基础知识的掌握与运用。

  3.考查学生对所学知识综合运用的能力,如:词汇运用能力,阅读理解能力,逻辑分析能力,推理判断能力,综合归纳能力及交际表达能力。

  出题思路:

  1.主要考查本学期所学知识。

  2.同时检查初二已学知识。

  题型:与中考题型一样,分为四部分

  1.听力理解 (单选及填关键信息词)

  2.知识运用 (单选及完形)

  3.阅读理解 (单选,还原句子及回答问题)

  4.书面表达 (完成句子及文段表达)

  检测内容:

  1. 可数名词的单复数(规则、不规则),不可数名词,名词所有格;

  2. 人称代词的主格、宾格;形容词性、名词性物主代词及反身代词,不定代词等;

  3. 形容词、副词的比较等级;

  4. 介词,连词,数词;

  5. 常用短语(名词、动词、形容词、介词);

  6. 动词的时态、语态(含情态动词);

  7. 肯定句、否定句、疑问句、祈使句;

  8. 常用句型、习惯用语及交际用语;

  9. 非谓语动词(动词不定式、动名词、分词);

  10.复合句(状语从句、宾语从句)。

 

  下面以人教版教材为例将Unit 1-5重点内容进行整理,仅供大家参考。

  Grammar Focus

  ※do sth. by + doing / n.   例如:

  1. Bob makes a living by teaching.

  2.---How do you study for a listening test?

  ---By listening to tapes.

  ※used to do sth.   例如:

  1. He used to get up at half past six.

  2.He told us he used to play football when he was young.

  used to do 的否定式为:

  usedn’t

  主语 +   used not    + to do sth.

  didn’t use

  He usedn’t to study hard.=He used not to study hard.

  =He didn’t use to study hard.

  used to do 的疑问式及其答语为:

  ①Used + 主语 + to do…?

  Yes, sb. used to. / No, sb. usedn’t to.

  ②Did + 主语 + use + to do…?

  Yes, sb. did./ No, sb. didn’t.

  ※should+be+allowed = be allowed to do sth. 例如:

  They think sixteen-years-olds should be allowed to drive.

  Students should be allowed to wear her own clothes.

  should+not+be+allowed=be not allowed to do sth.例如:

  We are not allowed to go out on school nights.

  Sixteen-year-olds should not be allowed to drive.

  ※

  虚拟情况           从句           主句

  与现在事实相反                If+主语+v.-ed (be→were)   S+ would/should/

                             could/might + v.

  例如:

  1. If I won a million dollars, I’d give it to charity.

  (实际我没有)

  2. If I were you, I would accept his offer.

  (事实上我不可能是你)

  情态动词表推测的用法   例如

  It must be Tom’s. It has his name on it.

  It could be Ann’s. She studies Chinese.

  It might belong to John. He plays the guitar.

  It can’t be Jim’s. It’s much too big for him.

  Sentence Patterns:

  1. Why don’t you do sth.…? = Why not do sth.?

  Why don’t you join an English language club?

  2. It’s too + adj. + to do +….

  It’s too hard to understand the voices.

  She went too late to catch the train.

  too…to… 与enough to或 so…that…结构

  在一定条件下可以相互转换。例如:

  Jack is too young to go to school.

  = Jack is not old enough to go to school.

  The article is too difficult for me to understand.

  = The article is so difficult that I can’t understand it.

  3. I used to be afraid of the dark.

  4. I go to sleep with my bedroom light on.

  5. Sixteen-year-olds should be allowed to get their

  ears pierced.

  6. They aren’t serious enough.

  7. What would you do if you had a million dollars?

  8. If I were you, I’d like a long walk before going to bed.

  9. It must belong to Carla.

  10. He might be late for work.

  11. ask/tell sb.(how) / (not ) to do sth. 例如:

  My mother asks me to clean my room every day.

  The teacher told the boys not to run in the hallways because it was dangerous.

  12. enjoy/finish/mind/be busy doing sth.  例如:

  Some famous people today enjoy writing on micro blog.

  13. 状语从句

  主句(一般将来时)… If/As soon as+从句(一般现在

  时)例如:

  You will become a good language learner if you keep

  practice.

  I’ll give it to him as soon as he comes back.

  14. 宾语从句  例如:

  I want to know if he will come on time.

  Do you know when the School Day is every year, Jack?

  词语辨析:

  talk, tell, speak, say;

  take,   spend,   pay,   cost;

  frustrated,   frustrating;    excited,   exciting

  interested,   interesting;    moved,   moving;

  how long,  how often,  how far,  how soon,

  how many,  how much;

  used to,   be used to + doing,   be used to do sth.;

  two more letters,  two other letters , another two letters;

  stop doing sth.     stop to do sth.;

  instead,  instead of;

  as well,   also,   too,   either;

  take/have a test,    pass a test,   fail (in) a test;

  be strict with sb.,    be strict in sth.;

  be good for sth.,   be good to sb.,  be good at sth.;

  importance n.    important adj.;

  success n.,   secceed v.,   successful,  successfully;

  have to,   must;   plenty of,   many/much;

  think of,  think about,  think over,  think out;

  other, the other, others, the others,  another;

  spoken,   speaking;

  difference,       different,     differently;

  end up doing,   end up with;

  be afraid to do sth.,    be afraid of sth./doing sth.;

  (in) doing sth.

  have trouble/difficult/problems

  with sth.

  完形与阅读:

  完形填空主要考查内容为:1.词语辨析、基本句型、基础语法;2.固定搭配和习惯表达法;3.篇章理解能力和逻辑推理能力。做题原则“先完其意,而后完其形”即先了解文章的大意,再去做题。具体做题四步骤:

  速浏览抓大意

  扣大意做易题

  仔细推敲攻难关

  复读全文纠错误

  阅读理解主要考查内容为:词汇量、语法运用、阅读速度、理解能力、逻辑思维及推理能力、归纳总结及判断能力、对各国文化背景的了解程度。主要方法如下:

  1. 常使用的方法①顺序法②逆向法③标注法;

  2. 捕捉主旨大意①读首句(段)抓大意②读尾句(段)抓大意③读首尾段抓大意④从段落中抓大意⑤归纳要点抓大意

  3. 查找文章细节①直接对号入座②同(反)义词语转换③短语从句转换④概括归纳

  4. 猜词义①根据构词法知识猜测词义②根据同义词反义词猜测词义③根据定义或解释猜测词义④根据构上下文关系猜测词义⑤根据生活常识猜测词义

  5.  推断隐含意义①推断数据②推断隐含句义③推断人物关系④推断作者观点、意图⑤推断故事结局

  书面表达:

  1. 完成句子 (请参考中考常见60个句型)

  2. 文段表达

  准备三条以上有关“如何学好英语”方面的建议备考。

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