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2018初中英语语法之常用动词语法解析

来源:中考网整理    作者:中考网编辑    2017-09-10 08:37:51

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  新一轮中考复习备考周期正式开始,中考网为各位初三考生整理了中考五大必考学科的知识点,主要是对初中三年各学科知识点的梳理和细化,帮助各位考生理清知识脉络,熟悉答题思路,希望各位考生可以在考试中取得优异成绩!下面是《2018初中英语语法之常用动词语法解析》,仅供参考!

  1.allow sb to do sth允许某人去做某事(后接动词不定式)
 
  My father allowed me to go out for a walk after finishing my homework.
 
  2.asked sb(not)to do sth叫某人做事某事(叫某人不要去做某事)
 
  My father asked me to study hard.
 
  He asked me not to swim alone.
 
  be asked to do sth被叫去做某事/被邀请去做某事
 
  I was asked to have a dinner with them yesterday.
 
  3.be afraid to do sth害怕做某事
 
  She is afraid to ask me questions.
 
  4.be afaid of doing sth害怕做某事
 
  I am afraid of going out at night.
 
  5.be afaid of sth害怕某物
 
  He is afraid of snakes.
 
  6.be amazed to do sth对做某事感到惊讶
 
  He was amazed to meet the girl there.
 
  be amazed at sth对某事感到惊讶
 
  they were amazed at the news.
 
  7.be busy doing/with sth忙于做某事(常考)
 
  I was busy washing my car at that time.那时候我正忙于清洗我的车子。
 
  I am busy with my work.
 
  8.be coming/going/leaving/fiying/moving/dying(某些位移动词用进行时态时表将来)
 
  the bus is coming/the dog is dying.
 
  9.be excited to do sth对做……感到兴奋
 
  Jacky was excited to travel there by plane.
 
  be excited at sth
 
  Lily was excited at his words.
 
  be excited about doing sth
 
  he was excited about passing the exam without going overing books.
 
  10.be frightened to do sth害怕去做某事
 
  Sam is frightened to ride a horse.
 
  11.be glad/happy to do sth高兴去做某事
 
  she is happy to clean the blackboard with me.
 
  be pleased to do sth高兴做某事
 
  he was pleased to help the old man yesterday.
 
  be pleased with sth对某事感到高兴/满意
 
  the teacher was pleased with my answer.
 
  12.be interested in sth/doing sth对某事感兴趣/对做某事感兴趣
 
  she is interested in swimming in the river.
 
  My btother is interested in Chinese.
 
  13.be/get ready for/to do sth
 
  Be ready for sth为某事做好了准备
 
  We are ready for the exam.
 
  Be ready to do sth为做某事做好了准备
 
  We are ready to have a birthday party for her.
 
  get ready for sth为某事在做准备
 
  We are getting ready for the exam.
 
  get ready for sth为做某事而做准备
 
  13.be sorry to do sth对做某事感到抱歉
 
  14.be surprised to do sth对做某事感到惊奇
 
  be surprised at sth对某事感到惊奇
 
  15.be worth doing sth值得做某事(worth后接动词-ing形式,常考)
 
  16.begin to do sth
 
  begin/start to do/doing sth
 
  17.can/be able to afford(to buy)sth有能力购买(供)……
 
  18.can/may/must do sth could/would/should/might do sth
 
  19.can’t wait to do sth迫不急待地去做某事can’t help to do\doing sth
 
  20.decide to do sth决定去做某事
 
  make up one’s mind to do sth下决心去做某事(常考)
 
  make a decision to do sth对做某事作出决定
 
  21.deserve to do sth值得/应该做……worth doing
 
  22.encourage sb to do sth鼓励某人去做某事
 
  23.enjoy doing sth乐意去做某事,英语588.es
 
  24.expect(sb)to do sth期望去做某事
 
  25.fail to do sth做某事失败
 
  succeed doing sth成功做了某事
 
  26.finish doing sth做完某事(后接动词-ing形式)(常考)
 
  27.follow sb to do sth跟随某人去做某事
 
  28.get sb to do sth
 
  make sb do sth
 
  let sb do sth
 
  29.get/have a chance to do sth得到一个做某事的机会
 
  30.give/pass/show/lend/sell sb sth/sth to sb
 
  buy/get/bring sb sth/sth for sb
 
  31.go on to do sth继续做事(常考)
 
  go on doing sth继续做事(常考)
 
  32.hate to do/doing sth讨厌/不喜欢做某事
 
  33.have fun doing sth
 
  34.have problems doing sth做某事遇到困难
 
  35.have sb do sth
 
  have sth done
 
  have sth to do工有事要做
 
  36.hear sb do sth听到某人做某事(后接动词原形,常考)
 
  hear sb doing sth听到某人正在做某事(常见)

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